The Digital Copyright Act would have a chilling effect on the internet ecosystem. Had it passed just 10 years ago, this new creative industry would never have been created. It deter the proliferation of not just the new creative economy — additional innovative technologies, like cloud services, would not exist. No investor would have taken a chance on the platforms and services consumers use every day on their phone, their desktop, at work and for fun. A nonprofit-run service like AO3 or Wikipedia would never be able to get off the ground due to the staggeringly high costs of complying with DCA. We would have lost billions of dollars in economic value, and also would have missed out on an unquantifiably large amount of creative works that would never have seen the light of day.